Hot to tell if your beloved dog is experiencing a seizure? Seizures can be quite scary for dog owners and can often leave you in tears, but most important thing you should think at that moment is how to help your best friend. In this article, you will find the most common symptoms of seizures in dogs, so the next time it happens you will be prepared and know exactly what you are dealing with.
Generally speaking, there are several types of seizures that can affect dogs, partial or focal seizures, grand mal or generalized seizures, and focal seizures with secondary generalization.
Partial seizures will affect a small part of your dog’s brain and can manifest in a number of different ways. In the case of partial seizures, you will notice that only one side of the body, only one limb, or just the face of your dog is affected.
With grand mal seizures, both sides and the entire body of your dog will be affected. These will often manifest in involuntary jerking and twitching in all limbs, and often be accompanied by the loss of consciousness.
When a seizure happens, your dog will most likely fall on its side and become stiff, it will chomp its jaw, urinate, vocalize, defecate, and salivate a lot. It will also most likely paddle with all four of its limbs. Such seizures can last anywhere from 30 to 90 seconds.
With grand mal or generalized seizures, most dogs will have altered behavior known as aura. In this time, you may notice some of these signs: confusion, agitation, nervousness, he may seek seclusion and become clingy or seek attention, he can stare into space, and be generally restless. These seizures most commonly start and end abruptly and are characterized by these traits: weakness, frantic barking, vomiting, drooling, urination and defecation, twitching of the muscles especially in the facial area, cessation of breathing, rhythmic jerking of legs, trembling, rigid extension of extremities, collapsing, biting invisible objects, chomping of the teeth, your dog may lose awareness to its immediate environment, or become temporarily blind.
In the case of status epilepticus, a seizure can last for five or more minutes, and if your dog has two or more seizures within one day, he may suffer from cluster seizures.
Breeds at Risk
The sad part is that seizures can affect a dog of any age, breed, or sex, however, seizures caused by toxins and primary epileptic seizures are most common in dogs who are younger, and older dogs usually get seizures caused by brain tumors.
Some of the breeds that can have a genetic predisposition to having seizures are the Dachshund, the German Shepherd, Beagle, Belgian Tervuren, and Keeshond. Also, there are breeds which are prone to seizures but without a hereditary cause and those include the Cocker Spaniel, Collie, Irish Setter, Golden Retriever, Poodle, Miniature Schnauzer, Labrador Retriever, Siberian Husky, Wire Fox Terrier, and the Siberian Husky.