Despite its size, mosquitos can be a big nuisance carrying various health risks. There are some fatal diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and chikungunya, which are caused by carrier-mosquito bites. Hence, mosquito-proofing the house is advised, and extermination should be performed immediately once an infestation occurs. Some people are mosquito magnets and thus, are more attractive for mosquitos. In case you are one of those people, you might want to consider to start exterminating these flying critters.
How to kill mosquitos
Mosquitos may infest various areas in the house. The yard is, however, one of the areas susceptible to mosquito infestation. However, these creatures are seeking for blood to feed. Hence, they will go after you around the house. Killing them to eliminate the entire population can be done through several methods below:
This is the most ancient method of killing mosquitos. This may take several times to work, but it is not an impossible method. It is usually effective for hunting a single mosquito buzzing around your head. You can also wait for the mosquito to land on the walls or other hard surfaces and swat it with rolled objects—magazine and newspaper work great. However, killing mosquito using this method is going to leave a blood stain on the surface, and it will not look good on the walls.
If you have a quite disturbing mosquito infestation around the house, you might want to try zapping the critters to death. There are various electric mosquito zappers which can be found in local stores. Mosquito zappers—also called as electric flyswatters, mosquito rackets, or racket zappers, is quite effective to get rid the swarms, although for some people the way it sounds might be startling.
This method may not be recommended for a single mosquito flying around you but can be used when you are facing a big number of these flying insects while tidying the basement or wardrobes. Once you vacuum the mosquitos, leave it inside the vacuum bag to suffocate.
There are various methods for trapping and thus, killing mosquitos foraging in your house. Trapping is a really effective method for getting rid large mosquito infestation indoor and outdoor. This method is also practical because you can leave the trap unattended.
Mosquito sprays are the most frequently used method for getting rid of the flying critters. Store-bought sprays containing DEET or citronella are the easiest to found. Despite the toxic residue the sprays might leave behind, this method is assumed to be the most lethal, yet affordable one and thus, frequently employed. Mosquito spraying can be poisonous to house pets, and should not be done excessively.
For large areas such as yard, lawn, offices, and hotels, fogging is used more frequently, especially for killing not only the adult mosquitos but also its eggs and larvae. Despite its effectiveness in getting rid mosquito colonies, however, fogging should not be done in inhabited buildings, since it may cause severe poisoning. Hence, emptying the building for at least 6 to 8 hours after fogging is essential.
- Using organic ingredients
Some people know how effective spraying and fogging for killing mosquitos, yet they also realize how toxic it can be when done too frequently. Alternative methods, thus, are sought to be employed. One of the proven-effective treatments for killing mosquitos is by using natural ingredients around us. These natural methods are not only less toxic, but also more affordable and long-lasting.
Repelling mosquitos is one method that works when you decide to mosquito-proof your house. There are various methods you can perform in order to prevent mosquitos from infesting your house at all. This is important, especially when you realize that you or other house members are mosquito magnets. Read on to find mosquito repelling methods you can immediately practice in your residence.
Mosquito repelling plants
Various kinds of plants and herbs are able to minimize the number of mosquitos inhabiting your yard or porch. Most of these plants have a specific scent which mosquitos do not favor. These mosquito-repelling plants also possess beautiful appearances, which will let you enjoy the mosquito-free garden scenery.
Your house cats will enjoy catnip, but the mosquitos will leave because of active ingredient catnip excretes—the nepetalactone, which is a substance to repel mosquitos, which is ten times stronger than DEET used in manufactured mosquito sprays.
- Citronella grass
Citronella oil has been widely used in mosquito sprays, due to its ability to repel the critters. If you prefer a more organic way of using this plant to repel mosquitos, you can grow it in the yard to repel mosquito outdoor. If you need the oil to minimize indoor mosquito infestation, slice the grass into two parts to get the oil and apply it directly to the skin.
- Lemon thyme
Mosquitos—and other flying bugs tend to hate strong citrus smell excreted by lemon plants. Hence, planting lemon thyme in your garden should be considered when you have a large infestation of mosquitos.
Eucalyptus also excretes natural oil which instantly repels small insects, including mosquitos. To repel outdoor infestation, pot plant eucalyptus around the patio, while indoor, eucalyptus oil can be rubbed over the exposed skin.
Mosquitos find their food source—our blood by detecting carbon dioxide—the gas we exhale through breathing. Therefore, a remedy which can minimize this gas concentration will be beneficial. If you are a big fan of a natural remedy for getting rid of parasitic insects, you should try using house fans to deter mosquitos from your body. These fans do not only produced the wind which makes it hard for mosquitos to land around your body but also dilutes carbon dioxide we exhale. Sweat, lactic acid, and body heat are the other factors attracting mosquitos to you. House fans, especially the strong ones, will be able to minimize these factors and thus, effectively repel mosquitos from the house.
Add herbs to the barbecue
Herbs can also be used to deter mosquitos. Rosemary, which you can burn while barbecuing with coals can help repelling mosquitos which may come during the family gathering event. Other herbs which may keep the critters at the bay are sage and clover.
Besides our body heat and smell, mosquitos are also attracted to dark color. Hence, rooms or patios with less light are going to invite more mosquitos than the properly lighted ones. To repel mosquitos in outdoor patio while doing some activities, keep this area well-lighted. Use bulbs which less attract mosquitos, such as yellow bug lamps or LEDs.
Sometimes, repelling mosquitos with those preventive methods do not exactly keep these flying bloodsuckers at the bay, especially when they come in large swarms and have managed to infest your living place. In this case, getting rid of these insects using traps might be the best solution. There are some traps which can be homemade, but you can always choose the store-bought ones if you do not favor doing it by yourself.
Electric mosquito traps
This store-bought mosquito trap works by emitting heat and odorless carbon dioxide, which resembles human exhaling activity. The electric traps cover a quite large area and are equipped with light which lures mosquitos. Mosquitos are attracted by these three substances—the light, the CO2, and the heat, and driven inside the device when they are trapped by its integrated fans. The trapped mosquitos are sent into the attached net—which is commonly removable and replaceable, in which they die of dehydration.
Bottle mosquito traps are the most frequently used indoor homemade traps since they are affordable and works excellently. To make the trap, you need:
- A two-liter bottle
- A cup of brown sugar
- Two cups hot water
- 1 tablespoon yeast
- A piece of black or other dark-colored cloth
Below are the step-by-step instructions on how to set the trap up.
- Remove the bottle cap and cut the bottle in half.
- Place the upper part of the bottle upside-down into the other half part.
- Wrap the outer part of the bottle with the prepared black cloth.
- Dissolve a cup of brown sugar into two cups of hot water and stir well to make the entire sugar dissolve. Leave the mixture to sit and cool down.
- Pour the cooled mixture into the bottle.
- Add a tablespoon yeast into the mixture to produce carbon monoxide.
- Place the homemade trap in indoor areas susceptible to mosquitos. You can also put these traps below the stools or chairs in the porch or patio.
- Replace the mixture once it is filled with floating, dead mosquitos.
Plastic bag traps
The fact that mosquitos are driven by dark color can be used to successfully create another homemade trap. For this trap, you will need two simple objects, and those are:
- A dark-colored tin or plastic container with insert lid.
- A black polyethylene plastic bag.
To make this simple trap, the steps are:
- Insert the plastic bag into the tin or the plastic container. Make sure the bag sits well inside the container.
- Put the tin or container in dark places where you find mosquito infestation the most. Mosquitos are active both at dawn and dusk. Hence, leave the tin during those time without disturbing it.
- In the next morning, carefully insert the tin lid and secure it without disturbing the tin.
- Once the tin is securely closed, put it under direct sunlight for 2 to 3 hours.
- Open the lid and take out the bag. You will spot dead mosquitos inside the bag.
- This trap works by attracting mosquitos to the color the favor the most—dark color, and kill them by dehydrating them under the sunlight.
Once you manage exterminating mosquitos from the house and yard, you will need further steps to prevent them from re-infesting the house. To perform mosquito control, you need to remove all things which attract the critters around the house. Here are some guides on how to perform mosquito control in the house.
Remove all stagnant water.
Mosquitos are attracted to stagnant water—rain gutter, fountains, plant pots, etc., to lay their eggs. To minimize mosquito population in around the house and yard, remove all these water sources. Decaying organic matters also need to be eliminated from outdoor areas, such as the yard and garden to minimize mosquito infestation.
Add vinegar to pet’s drinking bowl.
If you are keeping pets at home, it is possible for a mosquito to lay their eggs inside pet’s water bottle. To prevent this, add some drops of apple cider vinegar into the drinking bowl. This is the best method of controlling mosquitos indoor, not to mention that vinegar is really good for your pets.
Lit some homemade citronella candles
Citronella oil is the best mosquito repellent. Put some citronella candles you can buy in the stores to help to keep them outside. If you have some citronella oil, you can even make the candle yourself by preparing these materials:
- Citronella oil
- Cotton rope
- Mason jar
Put the cotton rope inside the Mason jar by poking out a hole in the lid. Pour the citronella oil into the jar and put the lid back. Let it sit for a half an hour to absorb the oil. Afterward, lit the cotton rope and place the candles around the rooms, especially in the dark ones to repel mosquitos.
Trim the bushes
Large and thick bushes will enable mosquitos from hiding. Hence, trim all thick bushes and make sure those are neat and tidy. You can also grow mosquito-repellent plants around these bushes to maximize the treatment effect.
Change the bulbs
Mosquitos are attracted to heat and light, and there are no other bulbs which attract them more than standard bulbs. To control mosquito population around the house—indoor or outdoor, change these bulbs into the yellow bug bulbs or the LEDs, which are not favored by mosquitos. Sodium-based lamps are also helpful in deterring mosquitos during evening hours.
Encourage natural predators
If you are living in the areas where bat population is large, you can put these winged creatures into benefits. They feed on mosquitos and thus, help you minimizing the number of the swarms around the house. Building a cheap bat house above the attic will help you gather the creatures, which are going to feed on mosquitos very quickly. Many people find this method as the best natural method of mosquito control.